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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  March 25, 2020 8:30am-9:00am CET

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discovered. subscribe to the documentary 2. recent heavy rainfall it's left this mountain road blocked with rubble. and a good look over there you know you make a common helps clear the way the market. is anxious to get moving he's already meant to be in the nearby village installing a solar power module instead he's stuck here.
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so. it's always like this you never know what might happen sometimes there's no getting through and you have to take donkeys. camping. but lucky for him some are available the mountain farmers are determined to make sure the engineer reaches the level of which the solar technology brings with him has the potential to transform their lives. and. that we can do through a little bit of progress out there for the people living in the high atlas mountains joe hood is a modern kind of sun king. to continuing on foot for an hour with the small caravan reached. that. everyone has
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been expecting them. the roku still home to remote mountain communities which time seems to have stood still. in recent years the country has made great strides especially in providing electricity to all its citizens. but it hasn't reached quite everywhere yet. we just arrived and had a look around. got nothing here no electricity no water no telephones we're getting straight to work. here he and his assistant install solar panels on the roof of a local home while the family watches closely from below. the system will cost them
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around $400.00 euros. because the hotel of the. show that uses a compass to determine the best placement for the solar cell it should face south. the next step is to wire up the model. it's a rudimentary makeshift setup but it works. so it connects the model to a battery now it can be charged. time for a break and a cup of tea you are. speaking with the locals gets to know a different side of morocco a side with extreme poverty and me good prospects especially for the younger
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generation of us just as. here it's easy to see why so many have left in search of a better future amongst other places in europe. oh dear. it's hard to find work in this region. sometimes there are jobs sometimes there aren't. as soon as i get a chance i'm outta here. we live in dismal conditions here we have no roads no electricity. that's why we have to buy candles but they're expensive to. hopefully that'll change now that we have solar energy that the. little they do possess or a few corn fields subsistence farming living from hand to mouth
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off their harvest also has to see them through the winter when they're stuck indoors for weeks on end. in a living from the set from they grow here one gram of the precious spice can fetch up to one euro. that's how the insides family was able to fund the solar system. which by now is almost ready. after laying a line from the battery to the living room it's time to flick the switch. off for. god. it's an exciting moment for the whole family for the 1st time ever a modest home has bright artificial light. this is great before i couldn't see
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anything at night sometimes there'd be a cockroach in the hut we're so happy like. you can't imagine how good it makes you feel when these people suddenly have light all i can say is mission accomplished and mycenae so. you. get. the next morning the technicians proceed to the next home where they'll be installing another solar module. and it's not. famine last and i need shows the currency he'll be paying and front of course. he's grateful to. thanks to the nations from large companies joad is able to install solar panels here at
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a lower cost than usual. the installation is relatively straightforward and goes quickly enough what's tricky is maintaining the system and ensuring a long battery life span but it's all worth it for this one moment. fantastic lassen i exclaimed that simply unbelievable. that as delighted as the family is believes the moroccan government should be doing more for its citizens in these remote areas. there are no subsidies there's actually a 20 percent tax on each new panel we buy. i hope the state will lower that tax one day and do more to ensure that poor people can also access this energy.
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despite the initial difficulties getting the. trip to the mountain village was a success. now it's time to head home. so he sets off on his long descent to where it's. awaiting us there is a solar power facility he promises will leave us truly amazed. that it is a major hub in the south of morocco and just a few hours from the sahara desert. the provincial capital is famed for its impressive today at. the citadel envelop in clay rules was built by the elder. who ruled southern morocco in colonial times. little firm is based in where is this that's new town area here is where he set up his solar
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business. morocco is blessed with 3000 hours of sun a year and natural resource in abundance supply. the 28 year old technician now has 4 employees he said is booming. that's also thanks to how heavily the moroccan state has been investing in renewable energy of late. where is is that is now home to one of the world's largest solar power farms something show it is proud of. it has become something like the world's solar energy capital. it's an excellent project. and of course it's helping make renewables and solar power in particular more popular in morocco. you know.
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the power plant is colossal even from across the city you can see the tower at the center of the newark facility arabic for light. with very few fuel deposits of its own morocco currently imports around 90 percent of the energy it needs so the country is keen on investing in launch renewable projects like this one. lined in rows across the massive complex are 7 and a half 1000 merits that capture the sun's rays. they all redirect the light to the top of the tell it which heats up to temperatures over $1000.00 degrees celsius. morocco has no fossil fuel resources and our energy consumption is growing. that's why the government decided that the ideal solution was renewable energy made with sun wind and water.
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today the plant direct is talking to one of the project's major partners. from the german development bank a f w. it's the project's biggest creditor providing over 800000000 euros morocco would have struggled to finance the solar farm on its own. german money german technology. this is where the solar power harnessed is used to heat up with synthetic oil. the resulting steam is channel to drive a turbine also from germany. once fully operational this plant will be able to supply electricity to 2000000 people and help the rocco's shed its dependency on imports. this is a is on its feet this project is unique in terms of scale there is no comparable facility not just america or africa but in the whole world against business but
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often it's also special because it brings together a range of technologies and because solar thermal technology is indeed sounding an energy revolution. a revolution initiated by this man king mohammed the 6th the royal family's very own son king. in keeping with his wishes morocco will soon be harvesting 40 percent of its electricity from solar and wind power making the country a pioneer in africa. the solar farm where says that also boasts over half a 1000000 parabolic curved mirrors the technology is expensive but morocco's authorities are convinced the transition will pay off in the long term. meanwhile showed is back on the road in the high atlas mountains. today he's
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traveling to 10 months to service so lamar to use their. village as part of the nationwide green musk's program the idea is to use solar power generators for mosques to generate their own electricity. if everyone goes to the mosque men women children. if you think about how many mosques we have here. ideal place to sensitize the contrary to everything solar energy has to offer he. was. the midday call to prayer 4. oh. a few years ago
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the villagers rallied to build this new place of worship the green must. warm. the. 16 solar panels adorn the rooftop. they've been running without any hitches as road can confirm to the village leader upon inspection. with us the most needn't rely on the regular power grid for its energy. to further spread the idea the green musk's program also includes specially claude tickle training for the in months. of the project has completely changed life in the village i know that you know women can study in the evening and pray during ramadan we're all involved and that's why we are so proud of this project. for hollywood and. being
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energy self-sufficient the mosque has become a gathering place for other activities as well. here villagers can meet for a cup of tea or attend special courses. these women are learning to read and write for the 1st time in their lives. the residents of tad mum to build their mosque as environmentally friendly as possible energy saving insulation and l.e.d. lights included. is one of the women attending the literacy classes she shows us the conditions she lives in the poverty and squalor here stand in stark contrast to the green mosques maternity. there is electricity available in ted moment but it's expensive and the. culture has a pay as you go cart to turn on the meter whenever she really needs power. the one
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light she hers she installed above her cow and calf that's all of her worldly possessions. not going to the one at least i can use the card to switch on the fridge now and then or watch t.v. but the most important thing is that i can see my animals. for them to bury medicines for all of the earth. the plan is to green up hundreds of mosques all around the country and boost environmental awareness at the very place villagers gather. the german development organization g i said is also on the ground here. they have been providing support and training to the villages especially with constructing the mosque. with the geos said expects the program will also create new jobs. on the lot of you coming out soon about coffee or
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some door it's all about combining local manpower and resources money from morocco and planning and training from our side and that's our pride to be here to know for this green mosque here we trained 30 people not from we have already completed 100 projects like this one and we have another 1000 planned. mosques and solar power so far a winning combination. and a ray of hope for morocco's remote rural regions. was to show much avi and his brother abdel aziz also have high hopes for a solar project in the area. they'll show us that later now they're on their way to their current distinctly hazardous work place the mines of me dealt.
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in the 1930 s. the french built this complex to house work is the lead mine was shot in the 1970 s. all that's left is a ghost town. now like many others in the area the brothers explore the abandoned tunnels in search of lead and minerals. they know that accidents are common in these tunnels. some fatal. or choice to we are. out of choice i would have gone to school and studied. what i could. so we did the same thing our parents started working underground. but. it's a tough job clawing the metal out of the rock in tight spaces surrounded by toxic
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dust. if they're lucky they'll find some barite overnight a night limit delta region is known for its valuable minerals. the brothers live in me blood in a rundown mining settlements the only prospects awaiting those who grow up here involve the backbreaking work in the mines. it's this widespread poverty in rural areas that's driven many young people to the cities. 30 year old up tisha much made it as far as europe where he tried to sell minerals in france and germany and failed. now there's fresh hope plans are underway for a huge solar farm in the me delta region and it's set to bring new jobs with it. you know what you have sent off my application as soon as i heard about it just like everyone else. morris i'd love to earn money. so far they've
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only been putting us off from one year to the next. that. i have to share much shows that's the place that's given local people the chance to dream. this is where the new solar power plant is being built. it's designed to be even bigger than the one in where says that. it is the mark of. a job at a company like that would be great. with a regular salary to. observe louis got that it would help us so much. that. we could set up a small family business. so i could finally support my sister and my brother. so they could go to college. they're also b.l.o. know. that he's still skeptical you need the right connections to get hired he says
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. many people in the region believe they've got a shot at landing a job here. the construction phase alone will require several 1000 jobs. applications are piling up in the provincial governor's office. maracas energy transition is ambitious it's a total of 5 large scale solar farms like the one in middel ought to be built in just a few years that kind of undertaking only works when one person makes the decisions in morocco it's king mohammed the 6. ok. just outside the building side up dishes meets with nomads who have settled here. at the moment so that they have heard of the solar farm they've yet to receive any official notification they still don't know if or when they might have to pack up and leave
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. many questions remain and it. would be pretty. compensating the people in. the. middle east after all for us enough money to rebuild our homes elsewhere. and so while some look forward to the project with grace expectations others can only worry for their future the 2 brothers hope they'll find work at the solar farm but for the time being they must continue searching for minerals in the old mines it's the only source of income they have right now. encounters morocco's rural poverty all the time when he's out installing solar modules.
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stop takes him to the desert of the town top province sound. sudden to rental downpours have flooded the local roads. to outsiders the provincial capital looks like a frontier town surrounded by mountains and desert. your job is here to host a seminar on solar power. has come on behalf of the g.i. said german development organization. by the end of the book he wants to convince local farmers of the benefits the new technology brings. after all morocco is rich in one resource which is also cheap to harvest the sun is. going to have a sort of have a little less because knowing that king mohammed backs the technology he can be
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a vital argument here. doesn't he he's young he's most farmers still work with butane gas. some of them do realize they need to switch to solar energy. but they're discouraged by the high installation costs. but i believe we'll be able to win them over. for my sims. to back up his arguments he conducts a practical presentation outside and shows the farmers just how easy it is to operate a solar powered water pump. that many here have come from far away but they seem impressed. with the route of the i'd love to have one of those systems. so we still use a gas powered motor but it's expensive and often doesn't work well with the american you. are seeing
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a lot of things today that were new to me well i'd love to be able to buy one of those pumps and i think they cost a lot of money where they can diverge from the constable certainly from sydney. to the 7 a good hits the road again more he's visiting one of the farm is in the palm gardens of tata. and all of mohammad to marines riches lie in his vast plantation of date palms and yeah the trees are relatively easy to maintain absolutely dependent on 2 things heat and plenty of water. and that's it comes in a bite like our kyung. lah with his must climb up the trees to pick the fruit they
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can grow up to 30 metres high. well each punk can yield up to $100.00 kilos per harvest the number. of the flat was used. but that means keeping the pond supplied with enough water which is why boomer remain is interested in joe its work. it's only a little longer until now we've been using diesel exhaust motors to pump the water that's been pretty expensive. if we go to a solar powered water plant the long term financial gains for us would be much higher. if someone has a reservoir on the edge of the oasis thanks to the recent rainfall it's all filled up. this is where joe it will be
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showcasing his pump. it takes no time at all to set up the false. together they'll generate about one killer was have power enough to pump groundwater to the surface from a depth of 20 meters. of them to get a good move there is none but the farmer is hesitant about the price of this large solar powered pump with customers around $3000.00 euros. delicate and about to consider. that finally everything is hooked up time to see what it's got. used were when the dishes depend is working smoothly and the water is gushing out of farmer decides it's a worthwhile investment for once again the engineer highlights the advantages of
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this technology. and the it's about energy consumption is enormous and the farming sector. solar energy can reduce costs considerably in the long term you know i personally i always enjoy seeing how happy it makes people who like living people or don't seem to know. just sun in the skies above a previously untapped resource that is making the rocco's remarkable energy revolution possible from the high atlas mountains to the growing seas of the desert to. the. new.
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visited the news live from india's population of 1300000000 begins a 3 week lockdown to combat but coronavirus the streets of the capital delhi have the surface people stay behind closed doors prime minister nuri and remote warns that without the lockdown the country could be set back 21 years old so on the program the u.s. congress agrees a 2.

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